JOURNAL ARTICLE

Relationship of the SAMe-TT₂R₂ score to poor-quality anticoagulation, stroke, clinically relevant bleeding, and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation

Gregory Y H Lip, Ken Haguenoer, Christophe Saint-Etienne, Laurent Fauchier
Chest 2014, 146 (3): 719-726
24722973

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of anticoagulation with use of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is highly dependent on the quality of anticoagulation control as reflected by the average time in a therapeutic range of 2.0 to 3.0. A clinical dilemma is trying to predict which anticoagulation-naive patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) would do well on a VKA (with a time in therapeutic range > 70%) and which are less likely to do well on a VKA but could be managed with novel oral anticoagulants.

METHODS: The cohort comprised 8,120 patients, among whom 4,637 patients were receiving VKA. We investigated whether the SAMe-TT₂R₂ (sex female, age < 60 years, medical history [more than two comorbidities], treatment [interacting drugs, eg, amiodarone for rhythm control], tobacco use [doubled], race [doubled]) score could discriminate among patients with AF who were likely to have a labile international normalized ratio (INR) during follow-up as well as stroke/thromboembolism (TE), clinically relevant bleeding (defined as severe bleeding and as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC]-defined major bleeding), and death while being treated with a VKA.

RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 1,016 ± 1,108 days, there was a significant increase in risk of severe bleeding events (risk ratio [RR], 1.38; 95% CI, 1.12-2.68; P = .002) and a significant increase in risk of major BARC bleeding (RR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.29-2.44; P = .0005) in patients with AF with a high SAMe-TT₂R₂ score (> 2). Increasing SAMe-TT₂R₂ score was associated with an increasing risk of labile INR (P = .004), stroke/TE (P = .007), severe bleeding (P < .0001), major BARC bleeding (P < .0001), and death (P = .002) at follow-up. Among the patients taking VKAs, the SAMe-TT₂R₂ score was predictive of labile INR (C statistic approximately 0.58) as well as of stroke/TE, severe bleeding, major BARC bleeding, and death (C statistic, 0.54-0.57 for events), reflecting the suboptimal time in therapeutic range in such patients. This was not the case for patients who were not taking VKAs.

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that the SAMe-TT₂R₂ score was predictive for an increasing risk of stroke/TE, severe bleeding, major BARC bleeding, and death, reflecting poor anticoagulation control (and labile INRs) among patients with AF given VKAs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24722973
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"