COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Comparison of in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates between anterior and nonanterior approach procedures for thoracic disc herniation.

Spine 2014 May 21
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of population-based national hospital discharge data collected for the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

OBJECTIVE: To compare in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates between anterior and nonanterior approach procedures for thoracic disc herniation at national level.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment for thoracic disc herniation can be largely divided into anterior and nonanterior approach procedures. An anterior approach necessitates invasion of the thoracic cavity, which may subject the patient to increased risk of certain complications. Large sample studies comparing anterior and nonanterior procedures in terms of morbidity and mortality are lacking.

METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify patients who underwent surgical treatment for thoracic disc herniation from 2000 to 2009 using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9) codes. Patients were then divided into those who underwent anterior approach procedures and those who received nonanterior approach procedures using the appropriate ICD-9 codes. Patient- and health care system-related demographic data were retrieved and analyzed.

RESULTS: There were 25,413 patients included in this study. Anterior approach procedures were associated with a significantly higher overall in-hospital complication rate (26.8% vs. 9.6%) and mortality rate (0.7% vs. 0.2%), as well as a longer hospital stay (7.6 vs. 4.8 d) and increased hospital charges ($84,199 vs. $46,837) compared with nonanterior approach procedures. Risk factors for mortality in surgical treatment for thoracic disc herniation included age 85 years or more, female sex, and the presence of complications (respiratory, cardiac, and urinary and renal).

CONCLUSION: Anterior approach procedures for thoracic disc herniation were associated with increased in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates, as well as increased health care burden, compared with nonanterior approach procedures. If thoracic disc herniation can be adequately excised by either approach, a nonanterior approach procedure may be a better option.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app