Impact of surgery on the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma with IVC thrombus received TKI therapy

Taekmin Kwon, Jae-Lyun Lee, Dalsan You, In Gab Jeong, Cheryn Song, Hanjong Ahn, Choung-Soo Kim, Jun Hyuk Hong
Journal of Surgical Oncology 2014, 110 (2): 145-50

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgery on the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus.

METHODS: In this retrospective study, the medical records of 45 patients who presented with synchronous mRCC with IVC thrombus, between 2005 and 2012, were reviewed. Twenty-eight patients underwent radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy followed by targeted therapy (group 1) and 17 received targeted therapy alone (group 2). Cox proportional hazards regression models served to estimate the prognostic significance of variables.

RESULTS: The median progression-free survival of group 1 and group 2 was 4.1 and 3.5 months, respectively (P = 0.672). Their median overall survival was 17.3 and 19.7 months, respectively (P = 0.353). Multivariate analysis revealed that non-clear cell type RCC (HR = 3.46, P = 0.007) and lymph node metastasis (HR = 2.31, P = 0.003) independently predicted progression-free survival, and Karnofsky performance status (HR = 3.82, P = 0.013) and non-clear cell type RCC (HR = 4.01, P = 0.003) independently predicted overall survival. Surgical resection of the primary renal mass with IVC thrombus did not affect the probability of progression or overall mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: Our limited data set would suggest a limited role for surgery in this patient population and that a prospective study in this group may define the role of surgery.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"