Sex-determining region Y-box 2 and GA-binding proteins regulate the transcription of liver receptor homolog-1 in early embryonic cells

Masafumi Kanno, Takashi Yazawa, Shinya Kawabe, Yoshitaka Imamichi, Yoko Usami, Yunfeng Ju, Takehiro Matsumura, Tetsuya Mizutani, Shigeharu Fujieda, Kaoru Miyamoto
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 2014, 1839 (5): 406-14
Pluripotent stem cells maintain their pluripotency and undifferentiated status through a network of transcription factors. Liver receptor homolog-1 (Lrh-1) is one of these, and regulates the expression of other important transcription factors such as Oct-3/4 and Nanog. In early embryo and embryonic stem (ES) cells, Lrh-1 is transcribed using a unique promoter. In this study, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of embryonic Lrh-1 using ES and embryonal carcinoma F9 cells. Reporter assays, electrophoretic mobility shift assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that Sox2 and Gabp proteins bind to the promoter region of embryonic Lrh-1, and are necessary for its activation. The Sox2 site showed strong promoter activity and affinity for protein binding. Upon differentiation into the parietal endoderm by retinoic acid and cAMP, Lrh-1 promoter activity and transcripts were markedly reduced within 24 h. At the same time, Sox2 and Gabp binding to the promoter region of Lrh-1 were decreased, followed by a reduction of their expression. These results indicate that embryonic Lrh-1 expression is regulated by both Sox2 and Gabp. Our study presents new insights into the transcription factor network of pluripotent stem cells.

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