JOURNAL ARTICLE

Home non-invasive ventilation use following acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in COPD

Jonathan A Galli, Jason S Krahnke, A James Mamary, Kartik Shenoy, Huaqing Zhao, Gerard J Criner
Respiratory Medicine 2014, 108 (5): 722-8
24702885

RATIONALE: Patients with COPD and hypercapnic respiratory failure have a worse prognosis and experience a faster deterioration in their pulmonary function. The benefit of home NPPV following an acute exacerbation of COPD with hypercapnic respiratory failure is not well understood.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of home NPPV use in patients following a hospitalization for AECOPD with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure on event-free survival after an index admission.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, chart review on patients hospitalized in 2011 with a diagnosis of AECOPD, hypercapnia, and used NPPV during hospitalization. 166 patients were included and were divided into two groups: patients who used NPPV post discharge and patients who did not.

RESULTS: Patients in the NPPV post discharge group demonstrated superior event-free survival compared to the no-NPPV post discharge group (y2 = 23.8, p < 0.0001). The NPPV post discharge group had a statistically significant reduction in hospital readmissions (40% versus 75%, p < 0.0001) through 180 days from the index admission.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients who used NPPV following an admission for AECOPD with hypercapnic respiratory failure had lower readmission rates and improved event-free survival after 180 days from an index admission compared to patients who did not use NPPV post discharge.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24702885
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"