Nitric oxide (NO) reversed TNF-α inhibition of trophoblast interaction with endothelial cellular networks

B Xu, F Charlton, A Makris, A Hennessy
Placenta 2014, 35 (6): 417-21

INTRODUCTION: The interaction between trophoblast cells and maternal uterine endothelium is important for placental vascular modelling. Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent vasorelaxant that regulates systemic blood pressure and is reduced in preeclampsia. NO may affect placental cell interaction.

OBJECTIVES: This study was to examine whether NO plays a role in regulating TNF-α induced inhibition of trophoblast cell integration into endothelial cellular networks in-vitro.

METHODS: Red fluorescent-labelled human uterine myometrial microvascular endothelial cells (UtMVECs) were seeded on Matrigel. After endothelial cellular networks formed, green fluorescent-labelled HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cells were co-cultured with endothelial cells, together with/without TNF-α (0.5 ng/ml) and/or NO donor, sodium nitroprusside dihydrate (SNP) (100 μM). Images were captured after 24 h. The effects on HTR-8/SVneo cell integration were quantified by Image Analysis software. The cells were then recovered from Matrigel to extract mRNA. Quantitative PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of eNOS, VCAM-1 and E-selectin. The concentrations of sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin in the conditioned medium were measured by ELISA.

RESULTS: TNF-α inhibited HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cell integration into endothelial cellular networks, as well as decreased eNOS mRNA expression. Increases in VCAM-1 and E-selectin in cellular mRNA and protein concentrations in the conditioned medium were also seen. The NO donor reversed the inhibitory effect of TNF-α on trophoblast integration and increased eNOS mRNA expression. SNP also reduced sE-selectin and sVCAM-1 expressions which were increased by TNF-α in the conditioned medium.

CONCLUSION: Our data suggest the inhibitory effect of TNF-α on trophoblast integration may be mediated by NO, via reducing endothelial cell activation.

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