JOURNAL ARTICLE

Multiple facets of problematic anger among regular smokers: exploring associations with smoking motives and cessation difficulties

Jesse R Cougle, Kirsten A Hawkins, Richard J Macatee, Michael J Zvolensky, Shivali Sarawgi
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014, 16 (6): 881-5
24692669

INTRODUCTION: Research has implicated problematic anger in multiple smoking outcomes, including nicotine dependence and difficulties with cessation. However, the mechanisms underlying the role of anger in smoking behavior and cessation difficulties remain unclear. The current study examined associations between different facets of anger with smoking motives, problematic symptoms during past quit attempts, reasons for quitting, and perceived barriers to cessation.

METHODS: Current smokers (N = 93) were administered measures assessing the relevant constructs.

RESULTS: After controlling for gender and negative affectivity, greater trait anger was uniquely related to more severe symptoms during past cessation attempts, perceived internal and external barriers to cessation, social influence reasons for quitting, and negative affect reduction and sensorimotor smoking motivations.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings add uniquely to the literature on anger and smoking and suggest anger plays a role in everyday smoking behavior. Smokers with problematic anger might benefit from treatment focused on reducing anger and improving interpersonal functioning. Reducing trait anger may help reduce problematic symptoms during quitting, making relapse less likely.

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