Multiple facets of problematic anger among regular smokers: exploring associations with smoking motives and cessation difficulties

Jesse R Cougle, Kirsten A Hawkins, Richard J Macatee, Michael J Zvolensky, Shivali Sarawgi
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014, 16 (6): 881-5

INTRODUCTION: Research has implicated problematic anger in multiple smoking outcomes, including nicotine dependence and difficulties with cessation. However, the mechanisms underlying the role of anger in smoking behavior and cessation difficulties remain unclear. The current study examined associations between different facets of anger with smoking motives, problematic symptoms during past quit attempts, reasons for quitting, and perceived barriers to cessation.

METHODS: Current smokers (N = 93) were administered measures assessing the relevant constructs.

RESULTS: After controlling for gender and negative affectivity, greater trait anger was uniquely related to more severe symptoms during past cessation attempts, perceived internal and external barriers to cessation, social influence reasons for quitting, and negative affect reduction and sensorimotor smoking motivations.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings add uniquely to the literature on anger and smoking and suggest anger plays a role in everyday smoking behavior. Smokers with problematic anger might benefit from treatment focused on reducing anger and improving interpersonal functioning. Reducing trait anger may help reduce problematic symptoms during quitting, making relapse less likely.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"