Characterization of polychlorinated biphenyls, pentachlorobenzene, hexachlorobenzene, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and dibenzofurans in surface sediments of Muroran Port, Japan

Katsunori Anezaki, Shinichiro Nagahora
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 2014, 21 (15): 9169-81
We determined the distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), pentachlorobenzene (PeCBz), hexachlorobenzene (HxCBz), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in surface sediments at 21 sites inside and outside Muroran Port, Japan. The concentration ranges and geometric means of PCBs (Σ209PCB), PeCBz, HxCBz, and PCDD/Fs and toxicity equivalence quantity (total TEQ) of dioxins inside Muroran Port were 1,100-65,000 (mean, 17,000) pg/g dw, 37-220 (100) pg/g dw, 31-810 (84) pg/g dw, 69-410 (170) pg/g dw, and 0.51-6.2 (2.3) pg TEQ/g dw, respectively. Their corresponding inventories inside Muroran Port were estimated to be 76, 0.31, 0.32, 0.55, and 7.8 g TEQ, respectively. The amounts of these pollutants were higher inside the port than outside the port and especially large in the inner part of the port. Most PCBs were homologues and congeners of penta- to hepta-chlorinated compounds, and the PCBs around Muroran Port were derived from technical PCBs, especially KC500 and KC600. As for PCDD/Fs, the influence of pentachlorophenol was significant, although pollution due to chloronitrofen and combustion was detected. The congeners of PCDD/Fs predominantly contributed to total TEQ. The concentration distributions of PeCBz, HxCBz, and PCDD/Fs and total TEQ were highly correlated with one another. This indicates that they are derived from the same combustion process.

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