Psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20 in cancer patients

Tomasz Buss, Agnieszka Kruk, Piotr Wiśniewski, Aleksandra Modlinska, Justyna Janiszewska, Monika Lichodziejewska-Niemierko
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 2014, 48 (4): 730-7

CONTEXT: Multidimensional questionnaires estimating cancer-related fatigue (CRF) as a symptom cluster or a clinical syndrome primarily have been used and validated in English-speaking populations. However, cultural issues and language peculiarities can affect CRF assessment

OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this study were to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20 (MFI-20) and to deliver to clinicians a multidimensional tool for CRF assessment in Polish-speaking patients with cancer.

METHODS: After forward-backward translation procedures, the Polish version of MFI-20 was administered to 340 cancer patients. The Polish MFI-20 was appraised in terms of acceptability, reliability, and validity. Internal consistency was assessed by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficients. Structural validity was evaluated with confirmatory factor analysis.

RESULTS: The translated MFI-20 was well accepted; 90% of subjects fully completed the questionnaire. The overall Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.9, ranging from 0.57 to 0.81. All correlation coefficients among Numeric Rating Scale-fatigue, fatigue-related items from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core-30 questionnaire, and the MFI--20 were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated good structural validity and revealed only three dimensions in the Polish version of the MFI-20-physical and mental fatigue as well as reduced motivation.

CONCLUSION: The Polish version of the MFI-20 is well accepted by patients, reliable, and a valid instrument to assess CRF in Polish cancer patients.

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