Electromagnetic fields promote osteogenesis of rat mesenchymal stem cells through the PKA and ERK1/2 pathways

Yang Yong, Zhao Dong Ming, Li Feng, Zhao Wen Chun, Wu Hua
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2016, 10 (10): E537-E545
It has been reported that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can promote the healing of non-union, osteogenesis and differentiation of the osteoblasts. However, its mechanism has not been unravelled. In this study, we detected some response induced by EMF and evaluated the importance of these signals for EMF-induced osteogenesis in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We characterized the expression of EMF-induced osteogenesis markers in MSCs, using RT-PCR and real-time PCR. Western blot was used to detect the signalling pathways. We found that EMF could promote osteogenesis in MSCs, along with the expression of several osteogenic markers. EMF-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level increase causes protein kinase A (PKA) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 phosphorylation. Pretreating the MSCs with the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor PD98059, or the PKA inhibitor H-89, significantly inhibited the induction of osteogenic markers, showing that EMF induction of osteogenesis was dependent on the ERK and PKA signalling pathways. Therefore, our study showed that EMF promoted MSC osteogenesis and that the EMF-induced osteogenic markers were mediated by both the PKA and MAPK signalling pathways. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"