Influence of comorbid cardiovascular risk factors on left atrial-left ventricular interaction in asymptomatic patients: clinical application of two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography

Hirokazu Miyoshi, Yoshifumi Oishi, Yukio Mizuguchi, Arata Iuchi, Norio Nagase, Nusrat Ara, Takashi Oki
International Heart Journal 2014, 55 (2): 138-45
Previous studies have examined the negative impacts of individual cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors on left atrial (LA)-left ventricular (LV) interaction, whereas the combined effects of these risk factors are insufficiently elucidated. We studied 176 asymptomatic patients with CVR factors and age-matched 50 healthy individuals by conventional and 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. The patients were classified into 2 groups according to the number of CVR factors: one risk factor (single) group (n = 79) and 2 or more risk factors (comorbid) group (n = 97). The peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity (E)/peak early diastolic mitral annular motion velocity (e')/peak systolic LA strain (S-LAs) was used as a surrogate for LA stiffness during ventricular systole. The E/e'/S-LAs was greatest in the comorbid group. The peak systolic LV circumferential and radial strains, peak early diastolic LV radial strain rate, and peak early diastolic LA strain and strain rate were lower in the comorbid group than in the single group. Multivariate regression analysis identified age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, end-systolic LV diameter, peak systolic mitral annular motion velocity (s'), and peak systolic LV radial strain in the comorbid group, and peak atrial systolic transmitral fl ow velocity and s' in the single group, as independent predictors of E/e'/S-LAs. Subtle LA and LV dysfunction with individual CVR factors were more aggravated with the comorbid conditions in asymptomatic patients.

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