MR and applanation tonometry derived aortic impedance: association with aging and left ventricular remodeling

Ioannis Bargiotas, Emilie Bollache, Elie Mousseaux, Alain Giron, Alain de Cesare, Alban Redheuil, Nadjia Kachenoura
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI 2015, 41 (3): 781-7

PURPOSE: We sought to noninvasively estimate aortic impedance indices from MR and tonometric data.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR aortic velocity-encoded and carotid applanation tonometry pressure data of 70 healthy subjects (19-79 years) were used to calculate the following indices from impedance spectrum: (i) characteristic impedance (Zc) reflecting pulsatile component of left ventricular (LV) afterload, (ii) frequency of the minimal impedance magnitude related to arterial compliance (FMIN ), (iii) total peripheral resistance (TPR) related to steady LV load, (iv) impedance oscillatory index (ZINDEX ) related to proximal reflections, and (v) reflection magnitude (RM). Associations with age and LV remodeling (LV mass/end-diastolic volume) were investigated using multivariate analysis.

RESULTS: All indices except Zc were associated with age independent of subjects characteristics and systolic blood pressures. They were all significantly associated with the well-established carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (r ≥ 0.29; P < 0.01). However, such associations were not independent of age. Pulsatile index Zc was independently associated with carotid pulse pressure (r = 0.53, P < 0.001). Moreover, conversely to conventional stiffness indices, Zc and TPR were independently associated with LV remodeling (r = 0.30, r = 0.43, respectively, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: We estimated aortic impedance from velocity-encoded MR and tonometry data resulting in reliable impedance and reflection indices as confirmed by their significant and independent associations with age and LV remodeling.

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