Biosynthesis, structural architecture and biotechnological potential of bacterial tannase: a molecular advancement

Arijit Jana, Suman Kumar Halder, Amrita Banerjee, Tanmay Paul, Bikash Ranjan Pati, Keshab Chandra Mondal, Pradeep Kumar Das Mohapatra
Bioresource Technology 2014, 157: 327-40
Tannin-rich materials are abundantly generated as wastes from several agroindustrial activities. Therefore, tannase is an interesting hydrolase, for bioconversion of tannin-rich materials into value added products by catalyzing the hydrolysis of ester and depside bonds and unlocked a new prospect in different industrial sectors like food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, etc. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria are one of the major sources of tannase. In the last decade, cloning and heterologous expression of novel tannase genes and structural study has gained momentum. In this article, we have emphasized critically on bacterial tannase that have gained worldwide research interest for their diverse properties. The present paper delineate the developments that have taken place in understanding the role of tannase action, microbial sources, various cultivation aspects, downstream processing, salient biochemical properties, structure and active sites, immobilization, efforts in cloning and overexpression and with special emphasis on recent molecular and biotechnological achievements.

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