Angiographic outcomes with early eptifibatide therapy in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (from the EARLY ACS Trial)

Vijay Kunadian, Robert P Giugliano, L Kristin Newby, Cafer Zorkun, Jianping Guo, Akshay Bagai, Gilles Montalescot, Eugene Braunwald, Robert M Califf, Frans Van de Werf, Paul W Armstrong, Robert Harrington, C Michael Gibson
American Journal of Cardiology 2014 April 15, 113 (8): 1297-305
Early administration of glycoprotein IIbIIIa inhibitors results in improved angiographic parameters, including thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, corrected TIMI frame count, and TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Whether the same is true in the setting of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome is unknown. The goal of the early glycoprotein IIbIIIa inhibition in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (EARLY ACS) angiographic substudy was to compare angiographic outcomes among patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome who were administered early routine versus delayed provisional eptifibatide. Of 9,406 patients in the EARLY ACS trial, 2,066 patients were included in the angiographic substudy (early routine eptifibatide [n=1,042] or early placebo [n=1,024] with delayed provisional eptifibatide after angiography and before percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]). The angiographic substudy primary end point was the incidence of TMPG 3 before and after PCI. TMPG 3 before (43.7% vs 44.9%, p=0.58) and after PCI (52.4% vs 50.1%, p=0.73) was similar for early routine versus delayed provisional eptifibatide, respectively. Angiographic procedural complications consisting of a composite of loss of side branch, abrupt vessel closure, distal embolization, and no reflow occurred less frequently in early routine group versus delayed provisional group (9.3% vs 13.6%, respectively, p=0.01). In the EARLY ACS angiographic substudy, the use of early routine eptifibatide resulted in fewer angiographic procedural complications. These data provide support for the use of eptifibatide in the catheterization laboratory during high-risk cases merely to prevent angiographic procedural complications.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"