Histological and clinical features of primary and recurrent periocular Basal cell carcinoma

Guy J Ben Simon, Semion Lukovetsky, Fabio Lavinsky, Nahum Rosen, Mordechai Rosner
ISRN Ophthalmology 2012, 2012: 354829
Background. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy of the eyelids. Medial canthal BCCs tends to recur more often. Purpose. To evaluate the clinical and histological features of primary and recurrent periocular BCC, in order to identify any existing associations. Methods. Data from 87 patients (71 primary and 16 recurrent) were analyzed in this study. All patients underwent tumor excision with frozen section margin control at the Goldschleger Eye Institute between 1/1995 to 12/1997. Statistical analysis was performed to identify possible associations between histological and clinical characteristics of primary and recurrent BCC. Main Outcome Measures. Anatomical location, clinical presentation, and histology of peri-ocular BCC. Results. No association was found between histopathological and clinical characteristics of BCC. Similar features with regard to eyelid location and histology were found in primary and recurrent peri-ocular BCCs, whereas recurrent BCCs tended to involve a greater eyelid extent with a longer duration of symptoms. Medial canthal BCCs, morpheaform, or sclerosing histology were not more common in the recurrent BCC group. Conclusions. Similar clinical and histological characteristics were noted in primary and recurrent periocular BCC, implying that incomplete surgical excision rather than anatomical location or histological features is the main cause for recurrence.

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