JOURNAL ARTICLE

Soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 to placental growth factor ratio in mid-pregnancy as a predictor of preterm preeclampsia in asymptomatic pregnant women

Jean-Claude Forest, Sébastien Thériault, Jacques Massé, Emmanuel Bujold, Yves Giguère
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM 2014, 52 (8): 1169-78
24535301

BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the performance of the soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1/placental growth factor (sFlt-1/PlGF) ratio to predict early-onset, preterm and severe preeclampsia at mid-pregnancy in asymptomatic women.

METHODS: Based on a prospective cohort of 7929 pregnant women from the Quebec City metropolitan area, a nested case-control study was performed including 111 women who developed preeclampsia and 69 women with gestational hypertension matched with 338 normotensive women. Serum sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured between 20 and 32 weeks of gestation. The performance of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, expressed as raw values and multiples of the median (MoM) for the prediction of early-onset, preterm and severe preeclampsia was evaluated.

RESULTS: Women who developed preeclampsia had significantly higher MoM sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (p<0.001). In the early-onset preeclampsia group, the median of the MoM distribution was 24.0 and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.977, giving sensitivities of 77.8% and 88.9% at false-positive rates of 5% and 10%. Positive predictive values (PPV) were 2.5% and 1.5%, respectively. In a subset between 26 and 32 weeks of gestation, at a threshold of 30, the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio yielded 100% specificity and identified, respectively, 85.7% and 65.2% of women who developed early-onset and preterm preeclampsia.

CONCLUSIONS: The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio has the potential to predict early-onset and preterm preeclampsia at mid-pregnancy in asymptomatic women. However, care must be paid to the prevalence of early-onset preeclampsia in the population since low prevalence reduces PPV and may hamper clinical utility.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24535301
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"