JOURNAL ARTICLE

Severe neutropenia and relative dose intensity among patients<65 and ≥65 years with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving CHOP-based chemotherapy

Lee S Schwartzberg, Mansoor Saleh, Sadie Whittaker, Esteban Abella
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer 2014, 22 (7): 1833-41
24535242

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe the incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia, patterns of chemotherapy treatment, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) use patterns among patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)<65 and ≥65 years.

METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included adult patients with NHL who received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone±rituximab (CHOP±R) from January 2006 to June 2010.

RESULTS: A total of 1,579 patients were included, with 54.1%<65 years and 45.9%≥65 years. Most received CHOP-R on a Q3W schedule. Among patients<65 years, the incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia was 52.3%, the mean relative dose intensity (RDI) was 80.4%, and the incidences of dose delays and reductions were 26.5 and 9.6%, respectively. Among patients≥65 years, the incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia was 63.2%, the mean RDI was 73.9%, and the incidences of dose delays and reductions were 24.6 and 24.9%, respectively. Most patients (86.9%) received G-CSF. Among patients<65 years, 71.9, 17.4, and 10.7% first received G-CSF as primary prophylaxis, secondary prophylaxis, or treatment, respectively. Among patients≥65 years, 80.1, 11.6, and 8.3% first received G-CSF as primary prophylaxis, secondary prophylaxis, or treatment, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Chemotherapy regimens and schedules were similar among age groups. Grade 3/4 neutropenia, reduced RDI, and dose delays were common in both age groups, though patients≥65 years had a higher incidence of dose reductions. In spite of these similarities, patients<65 years were less likely to receive primary prophylactic G-CSF. Thus, careful assessment of neutropenia risk factors is needed across age groups to determine appropriate G-CSF use and support planned chemotherapy.

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