Two- and three-dimensional speckle tracking analysis of the relation between myocardial deformation and functional capacity in patients with systemic hypertension

Vera Celic, Marijana Tadic, Jelena Suzic-Lazic, Anita Andric, Anka Majstorovic, Branislava Ivanovic, Predrag Stevanovic, Olinka Iracek, Radisav Scepanovic
American Journal of Cardiology 2014 March 1, 113 (5): 832-9
The purpose of this study was to investigate left ventricular (LV) mechanics in hypertensive patients by 2- and 3-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking imaging, and determine the relation between the LV mechanics and functional capacity in this population. This cross-sectional study included 51 recently diagnosed, untreated, hypertensive patients, 49 treated subjects with well-controlled arterial hypertension, 52 treated participants with uncontrolled hypertension, and 50 controls adjusted by gender and age. All the subjects underwent 24-hour blood pressure monitoring, complete 2-dimensional and 3D examination, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. 3D global longitudinal, circumferential, radial, and area strains were similar between the control group and well-controlled hypertensive patients but significantly decreased in comparison with patients with untreated or inadequately controlled hypertension. Similar findings were obtained for LV torsion and twist rate, whereas LV untwisting rate significantly deteriorated from the controls, across the well-controlled group, to the patients with untreated or uncontrolled hypertension. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly lower in the patients with untreated and uncontrolled hypertension than in the controls and the well-treated hypertensive patients. Peak oxygen uptake was independently associated with LV untwisting rate (β = 0.28, p = 0.03), 3D LV ejection fraction (β = 0.31, p = 0.024), and 3D global longitudinal strain (β = 0.26, p = 0.037) in the whole hypertensive population in our study. In conclusion, LV mechanics and functional capacity are significantly impaired in the patients with uncontrolled and untreated hypertension in comparison with the controls and the well-controlled hypertensive patients. Functional capacity is independently associated with 3D global longitudinal strain, LV untwisting rate, and 3D LV ejection fraction.

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