JOURNAL ARTICLE

Analysis of cell-free DNA in maternal blood in screening for aneuploidies: meta-analysis

M M Gil, R Akolekar, M S Quezada, B Bregant, K H Nicolaides
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 2014, 35 (3): 156-73
24513694

OBJECTIVE: To review clinical validation or implementation studies of maternal blood cell-free (cf) DNA analysis in screening for aneuploidies and to explore the potential use of this method in clinical practice.

METHODS: Searches of PubMed and MEDLINE were performed to identify all peer-reviewed articles on cfDNA testing in screening for aneuploidies between 2011, when the first such study was published, and 20 December 2013.

RESULTS: Weighted pooled detection rates (DR) and false-positive rates (FPR) in singleton pregnancies were 99.0% (95% CI 98.2–99.6) and 0.08% (95% CI0.03–0.14), respectively, for trisomy 21; 96.8% (95% CI 94.5–98.4) and 0.15% (95% CI 0.08–0.25) for trisomy 18; 92.1% (95% CI 85.9–96.7) and 0.20% (95% CI 0.04–0.46) for trisomy 13; 88.6% (95% CI 83.0–93.1) and 0.12% (95% CI 0.05–0.24) for monosomy X, and 93.8% (95% CI 85.9–98.7) and 0.12% (95% CI 0.02–0.28) for sex chromosome aneuploidies other than monosomy X. For twin pregnancies, the DR was 94.4% (95% 74.2–99.0) and the FPR was 0% (95% CI 0.00–1.84) for trisomy 21.

CONCLUSION: An analysis of cfDNA in maternal blood provides effective screening for trisomies.

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