Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) deficiency impaired blood-brain barrier integrity by increasing cerebrovascular oxidative stress

Ting Zhou, Qihua He, Yawei Tong, Rui Zhan, Feng Xu, Dongsheng Fan, Xiangyang Guo, Hongbin Han, Shucun Qin, Dehua Chui
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2014 March 7, 445 (2): 352-6
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) regulates lipid metabolism and plays an important role in oxidative stress. PLTP is highly expressed in blood-brain barrier (BBB), but the role of PLTP in BBB integrity is not clear. In this study, BBB permeability was detected with in vivo multiphoton imaging and Evans blue assay. We found that PLTP deficient mice exhibited increased BBB permeability, as well as decreased expression of tight junction proteins occludin, zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and claudin-5 in brain vessels. Cerebrovascular oxidative stress increased in PLTP deficient mice, including increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation marker 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Dietary supplementation of antioxidant vitamin E increased BBB integrity and tight junction proteins expression via reducing cerebrovascular oxidative stress. These findings indicated an essential role of PLTP in maintaining BBB integrity, possibly through its ability to transfer vitamin E, and modulate cerebrovascular oxidative stress.

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