Pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic and tolerability evaluation of concomitant administration of lesinurad and febuxostat in gout patients with hyperuricaemia

Roy Fleischmann, Bradley Kerr, Li-Tain Yeh, Matt Suster, Zancong Shen, Elizabeth Polvent, Vijay Hingorani, Barry Quart, Kimberly Manhard, Jeffrey N Miner, Scott Baumgartner
Rheumatology 2014, 53 (12): 2167-74

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacodynamics (PDs), pharmacokinetics (PKs) and safety of lesinurad (selective uric acid reabsorption inhibitor) in combination with febuxostat (xanthine oxidase inhibitor) in patients with gout.

METHODS: This study was a phase IB, multicentre, open-label, multiple-dose study of gout patients with serum uric acid (sUA) >8 mg/dl following washout of urate-lowering therapy with colchicine flare prophylaxis. Febuxostat 40 or 80 mg/day was administered on days 1-21, lesinurad 400 mg/day was added on days 8-14 and then lesinurad was increased to 600 mg/day on days 15-21. sUA, urine uric acid and PK profiles were evaluated at the end of each week. Safety was assessed by adverse events, laboratory tests and physical examinations.

RESULTS: Initial treatment with febuxostat 40 or 80 mg/day monotherapy resulted in 67% and 56% of subjects, respectively, achieving a sUA level <6 mg/dl. Febuxostat 40 or 80 mg/day plus lesinurad 400 or 600 mg/day resulted in 100% of subjects achieving sUA <6 mg/dl and up to 100% achieving sUA <5 mg/dl. No clinically relevant changes in the PKs of either drug were noted. The combination was well tolerated.

CONCLUSION: The clinically important targets of sUA <6 mg/dl and <5 mg/dl are achievable in 100% of patients when combining lesinurad and febuxostat.

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