Hemorrhoidal laser procedure: short- and long-term results from a prospective study

Nicola Crea, Giacomo Pata, Mauro Lippa, Deborah Chiesa, Maria Elena Gregorini, Paolo Gandolfi
American Journal of Surgery 2014, 208 (1): 21-5

BACKGROUND: We report the results of 2-year regular use of the hemorrhoidal laser procedure (HeLP) in 97 patients with symptomatic second- to third-grade hemorrhoids with minimal or moderate internal mucosal prolapse.

METHODS: Data on duration of the procedure, perioperative complications, postoperative pain, downgrading of hemorrhoids, resolution or persistency, and recurrence of hemorrhoidal disease (HD) were prospectively collected.

RESULTS: No significant intraoperative complications occurred. The median follow-up was 15 months. Postoperative pain was null in most patients. There were no cases of rectal tenesmus or alteration of defecation habits. Symptoms and HD downgrading reached a "plateau" at 3 to 6 months after the HeLP. At this evaluation, frequency of bleeding, pain, itching, and hemorrhoidal acute syndrome decreased by 76% to 79%. HD grade showed a significant reduction. HD recurrence rate was 5% at 2 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that the HeLP is a safe, effective, and painless technique for the treatment of symptomatic second- to third-grade hemorrhoids with minimal or moderate mucosal prolapse, ideally suitable as ambulatory treatment.

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