JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Osteodifferentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells after transfected by lentiviral vector mediated bone morphogenetic protein 2]

Shenggui Xu, Jianhua Lin, Weinan Liu, Chaoyang Wu
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2013, 27 (11): 1380-5
24501901

OBJECTIVE: To construct recombinant lentiviral vectors of porcine bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) gene and to detect BMP-2 gene activity and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) osteogenetic differentiation so as to lay a foundation of the further study of osteochondral tissue engineering.

METHODS: BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of 2-month-old Bama miniature porcines (weighing, 15 kg), and the 2nd generation of BMSCs were harvested for experiments. The porcine BMP-2 gene lentiviral vector was constructed by recombinant DNA technology and was used to transfect BMSCs at multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10, 25, 50, 100, and 200, then the optimal value of MOI was determined by fluorescent microscope and inverted phase contrast microscope. BMSCs transfected by BMP-2 recombinant lentiviral vectors served as experimental group (BMP-2 vector group); BMSCs transfected by empty vector (empty vector group), and non-transfected BMSCs (non-transfection group) were used as control groups. RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry staining, and Western blot were performed to detect the expressions of BMP-2 mRNA and protein. Then the BMSCs osteogenesis was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, ALP activities, and Alizarin red staining.

RESULTS: The recombinant lentiviral vectors of porcine BMP-2 gene was successfully constructed and identified by RT-PCR and gene sequencing, and BMSCs were successfully transfected by BMP-2 recombinant lentiviral vectors. Green fluorescent protein could be seen in the transfected BMSCs, especially at MOI of 100 with best expression. The immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot showed that BMSCs transfected by BMP-2 recombinant lentiviral vectors could express BMP-2 protein continuously and stably at a high level. After cultivation of 2 weeks, the expression of ALP and the form of calcium nodules were observed.

CONCLUSION: The porcine BMP-2 gene lentiviral vector is successfully constructed and transfected into the BMSCs, which can express BMP-2 gene and protein continuously and stably at a high level and induce BMSCs differentiation into osteoblasts.

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