Coordinated repressive chromatin-remodeling of Oct4 and Nanog genes in RA-induced differentiation of embryonic stem cells involves RIP140

Cheng-Ying Wu, Xudong Feng, Li-Na Wei
Nucleic Acids Research 2014, 42 (7): 4306-17
Maintaining pluripotency and indefinite self-renewal of embryonic stem cells requires a tight control of the expression of several key stemness factors, particularly Nanog and Oct4 transcription factors. The mammalian SWItch/Sucrose NonFermentable (SWI/SNF) complex contains Brg1 or Brm as its core subunit, along with Brg1-associated factors. Our previous studies have addressed chromatin-remodeling of the Oct4 gene locus in retinoic acid (RA)-treated embryonal carcinoma cell line P19, which involves receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140) for heterochromatinization on the proximal promoter region of this gene locus. However, the mechanism of RIP140 action in RA-triggered repressive chromatin-remodeling is unclear. The current study examines RA repression of the Nanog gene and compares the results with RA repression of the Oct4 gene on the chromatin level. The results show a loose nucleosome array on the Nanog gene promoter in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells. On RA treatment, the Nanog gene locus remodels specifically in the CR1 region of its proximal promoter, with the insertion of a nucleosome and compaction of this region. Further, RA induces coordinated chromatin-remodeling of both Nanog and Oct4 gene loci, which requires RA receptor-α, RIP140 and Brm. Finally, in these RA-triggered repressive chromatin-remodeling processes, lysine acetylation of RIP140 is critical for its recruiting Brm.

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