QTL mapping and development of candidate gene-derived DNA markers associated with seedling cold tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Suk-Man Kim, Jung-Pil Suh, Chung-Koon Lee, Jeong-Heui Lee, Yeong-Gyu Kim, Kshirod Kumar Jena
Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG 2014, 289 (3): 333-43
Cold stress at the seedling stage is a major threat to rice production. Cold tolerance is controlled by complex genetic factors. We used an F7 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population of 123 individuals derived from a cross of the cold-tolerant japonica cultivar Jinbu and the cold-susceptible indica cultivar BR29 for QTL mapping. Phenotypic evaluation of the parents and RILs in an 18/8 °C (day/night) cold stress regime revealed continuous variation for cold tolerance. Six QTLs including two on chromosome 1 and one each on chromosomes 2, 4, 10, and 11 for seedling cold tolerance were identified with phenotypic variation (R(2)) ranging from 6.1 to 16.5 %. The QTL combinations (qSCT1 and qSCT11) were detected in all stable cold-tolerant RIL groups, which explained the critical threshold of 27.1 % for the R(2) value determining cold tolerance at the seedling stage. Two QTLs (qSCT1 and qSCT11) on chromosomes 1 and 11, respectively, were fine mapped. The markers In1-c3, derived from the open reading frame (ORF) LOC_Os01g69910 encoding calmodulin-binding transcription activator (CAMTA), and In11-d1, derived from ORF LOC_Os11g37720 (Duf6 gene), co-segregated with seedling cold tolerance. The result may provide useful information on seedling cold tolerance mechanism and provide DNA markers for a marker-assisted breeding program to improve seedling cold tolerance in indica rice varieties.

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