Bioinformatics analysis of hemocyte miRNAs of scallop Chlamys farreri against acute viral necrobiotic virus (AVNV)

Guofu Chen, Chunyun Zhang, Fengjuan Jiang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zhong Xu, Chongming Wang
Fish & Shellfish Immunology 2014, 37 (1): 75-86
The sustainable development of the scallop Chlamys farreri industry in China is hindered by mass mortality mainly caused by a novel pathogen known as acute viral necrosis virus (AVNV). A better understanding of host-virus interactions, especially those at the molecular level, may facilitate the prevention and cure of AVNV infections. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a class of small RNA molecules involved in several biological processes, including mediating host-pathogen responses. In this study, two hemocyte small RNA libraries were constructed from control (control library, CL) and AVNV-infected (infection library, IL) C. farreri for high throughput sequencing using Solexa technology. Acquired data were further used to identify conserved and novel miRNAs, screen differentially expressed miRNAs, and predict their target genes through bioinformatics analysis. Solexa sequencing produced 19,485,719 and 20,594,513 clean reads representing 2,248,814 and 1,510,256 unique small RNAs from CL and IL, respectively. A total of 57 conserved miRNAs were identified in both libraries, among which only two were unique to IL. Novel miRNA prediction using the Crassostrea gigas genome as a reference revealed 11 candidate miRNAs, 10 of which were validated by RT-PCR. Differential expression (p < 0.001) between libraries was observed in 37 miRNAs, among which 30 and 7 miRNAs were up- and downregulated, respectively. Expression differences were further confirmed by qRT-PCR. A sequence homology search against available C. farreri ESTs showed that these differentially expressed miRNAs may target 177 genes involved in a broad range of biological processes including immune defense and stress response. This study is the first to characterize C. farreri miRNAs and miRNA expression profiles in response to AVNV infection by deep sequencing. The results presented here will deepen our understanding of the pathogenesis of AVNV at the molecular level and provide new insights into the molecular basis of host-pathogen interactions in C. farreri.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"