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Dolutegravir in antiretroviral-experienced patients with raltegravir- and/or elvitegravir-resistant HIV-1: 24-week results of the phase III VIKING-3 study

Antonella Castagna, Franco Maggiolo, Giovanni Penco, David Wright, Anthony Mills, Robert Grossberg, Jean-Michel Molina, Julie Chas, Jacques Durant, Santiago Moreno, Manuela Doroana, Mounir Ait-Khaled, Jenny Huang, Sherene Min, Ivy Song, Cindy Vavro, Garrett Nichols, Jane M Yeo
Journal of Infectious Diseases 2014 August 1, 210 (3): 354-62
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BACKGROUND: The pilot phase IIb VIKING study suggested that dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitor (INI), would be efficacious in INI-resistant patients at the 50 mg twice daily (BID) dose.

METHODS: VIKING-3 is a single-arm, open-label phase III study in which therapy-experienced adults with INI-resistant virus received DTG 50 mg BID while continuing their failing regimen (without raltegravir or elvitegravir) through day 7, after which the regimen was optimized with ≥1 fully active drug and DTG continued. The primary efficacy endpoints were the mean change from baseline in plasma HIV-1 RNA at day 8 and the proportion of subjects with HIV-1 RNA <50 c/mL at week 24.

RESULTS: Mean change in HIV-1 RNA at day 8 was -1.43 log10 c/mL, and 69% of subjects achieved <50 c/mL at week 24. Multivariate analyses demonstrated a strong association between baseline DTG susceptibility and response. Response was most reduced in subjects with Q148 + ≥2 resistance-associated mutations. DTG 50 mg BID had a low (3%) discontinuation rate due to adverse events, similar to INI-naive subjects receiving DTG 50 mg once daily.

CONCLUSIONS: DTG 50 mg BID-based therapy was effective in this highly treatment-experienced population with INI-resistant virus.

CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01328041) and http://www.gsk-clinicalstudywww.gsk-clinicalstudyregister.com (112574).

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