Diagnosis and classification of autoimmune pancreatitis

Kazuichi Okazaki, Takashi Tomiyama, Toshiyuki Mitsuyama, Kimi Sumimoto, Kazushige Uchida
Autoimmunity Reviews 2014, 13 (4-5): 451-8
Recent studies suggested the existence of two subtypes of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP): type 1 related with IgG4 as the pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), and type 2 related with a granulocytic epithelial lesion. Apart from type 2 AIP, the characteristic features of type 1 AIP are increased serum IgG4 levels, lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis (abundant infiltration of IgG4+ plasmacytes and lymphocytes, storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phlebitis), extra-pancreatic manifestations of IgG4-RD (e.g. sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis), and steroid responsiveness. Although the way how to diagnose IgG4-RD has not been established yet, the Comprehensive Diagnostic Criteria (CDC) for IgG4-RD for general use, and several organ specific criteria for AIP have been proposed; the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC) and the revised clinical diagnostic criteria in 2011 by Japan Pancreas Society (JPS-2011) for type1 AIP. In cases of probable or possible IgG4-RD diagnosed by the CDC, organ specific diagnostic criteria should be concurrently used according to an algorithm of diagnosis for IgG4-RD with reference to the specialist.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"