Transition of management in adolescents with IBD

Bella Zeisler, Jeffrey S Hyams
Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2014, 11 (2): 109-15
Transfer of care is when a patient and his or her medical records move from one provider to another at a distinct point in time. By contrast, transition of care is a gradual process of change in knowledge, attitudes and behaviour through which the adolescent can learn to assume personal responsibility for his or her health care. IBD is a prevalent disorder, often diagnosed during childhood. Because mortality of this condition is fortunately low, children diagnosed with IBD will, at some point, transition from a paediatric to adult health-care model. Paediatric and adult health-care paradigms, including IBD-specific care, are different in a number of key areas and it is becoming increasingly apparent that young adults with chronic illness often face challenging transitions, resulting in compromised physical and emotional health outcomes. In the past decade, refining the processes related to transition of care for adolescents with chronic medical conditions has gained traction as an important public health initiative. The aim of this paper is to review concepts pertinent to transition of management for adolescents and young adults with IBD, and to review the current literature and evidence supporting transitional care in paediatric IBD.

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