OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cyclosporine for acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion

Yoshihiro Watanabe, Hirotaka Motoi, Yoshitaka Oyama, Kazushi Ichikawa, Saoko Takeshita, Masaaki Mori, Atsuo Nezu, Shumpei Yokota
Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society 2014, 56 (4): 577-82
24418041

BACKGROUND: Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) is the most common syndrome among the acute encephalopathies, and is associated with a high incidence of neurologic sequelae. This study examined the efficacy of cyclosporine (CsA) for the treatment of AESD.

METHODS: Fourteen children with AESD were recruited and categorized as group A (not receiving CsA) and group B (receiving CsA). Clinical course, laboratory data, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and outcome were analyzed retrospectively. We divided the patients into three types according to the distribution of abnormalities on MRI: frontal lobe predominant type, unilateral cerebral hemisphere type, and diffuse type. We used the Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category scale (PCPC) and the Pediatric Overall Performance Category scale (POPC) as prognostic measures.

RESULTS: Of the 14 children, five were boys (age range, 9-32 months). PCPC score was: 1 for seven patients, 2 for three patients, and 3 for four patients. There was no significant difference in PCPC between groups A and B (P = 0.293). POPC score was: 1 for six patients, 2 for five patients, and 3 for three patients. There was a significant difference in POPC between groups A and B when patients with the frontal lobe predominant type were excluded (P = 0.020).

CONCLUSIONS: CsA could improve the neurological prognosis of patients with AESD, except for those with frontal lobe predominant type.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24418041
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"