Impact of 4 + 1 block scheduling on patient care continuity in resident clinic

Kathleen Heist, Mary Guese, Michelle Nikels, Rachel Swigris, Karen Chacko
Journal of General Internal Medicine 2014, 29 (8): 1195-9

BACKGROUND: Leaders in medical education have called for redesign of internal medicine training to improve ambulatory care training. 4 + 1 block scheduling is one innovative approach to enhance ambulatory education.

AIM: To determine the impact of 4 + 1 scheduling on resident clinic continuity.

SETTING: Resident continuity clinic in traditional scheduling in which clinics are scheduled intermittently one-half day per week, compared to 4 + 1 in which residents alternate 1 week of clinic with 4 weeks of an inpatient rotation or elective.

PARTICIPANTS: First-year internal medicine residents.

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We measured patient-provider visit continuity, phone triage encounter continuity, and lab follow-up continuity.

PROGRAM EVALUATION: In traditional scheduling as opposed to 4 + 1 scheduling, patients saw their primary resident provider a greater percentage; 71.7% vs. 63.0% (p = 0.008). In the 4 + 1 model, residents saw their own patients a greater percentage; 52.1% vs. 37.1% (p = 0.0001). Residents addressed their own labs more often in 4 + 1 model; 90.7% vs. 75.6% (p = 0.001). There was no significant difference in handling of triage encounters; 42.3% vs. 35.8% (p = 0.12).

DISCUSSION: 4 + 1 schedule improves visit continuity from a resident perspective, and may compromise visit continuity from the patient perspective, but allows for improved laboratory follow-up, which we pose should be part of an emerging modern definition of continuity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"