Clinical observations on enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Fabry disease and the switch from agalsidase beta to agalsidase alfa

Hsiang-Yu Lin, Yu-Hsiu Huang, Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Hao-Chuan Liu, Ting-Rong Hsu, Chia-I Shen, Shao-Tzu Li, Cheng-Fang Li, Li-Hong Lee, Pi-Chang Lee, Chun-Kai Huang, Chuan-Chi Chiang, Shuan-Pei Lin, Dau-Ming Niu
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA 2014, 77 (4): 190-7

BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is an X-linked inherited lysosomal storage disease that can be treated with the enzymes of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme) and agalsidase alfa (Replagal). Since June 2009, viral contamination of Genzyme's production facility has resulted in a worldwide shortage of agalsidase beta, leading to the switch to agalsidase alfa for patients with Fabry disease in Taiwan.

METHODS: The medical records were retrospectively reviewed for nine male patients with Fabry disease from the start of agalsidase beta treatment until the switch to agalsidase alfa for at least 1 year.

RESULTS: After 12-112 months of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), decreased plasma globotriaosylsphingosine (lyso-Gb3) was found in five out of seven patients, indicating improvement in disease severity. Among the six patients with available echocardiographic data at baseline and after ERT, all six experienced reductions of left ventricular mass index. Renal function, including microalbuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate, showed stability after ERT. Mainz Severity Score Index scores revealed that all nine patients remained stable at 12 months after switching to agalsidase alfa. ERT improved or stabilized cardiac status and stabilized renal function, while reducing plasma lyso-Gb3. ERT was well tolerated, even among the three patients who had hypersensitivity reactions.

CONCLUSION: The switch of ERT from agalsidase beta to agalsidase alfa appears to be safe after 1 year of follow-up for Taiwanese patients with Fabry disease.

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