Detailed comparison of intra-stent conditions 12 months after implantation of everolimus-eluting stents in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or stable angina pectoris

Taiji Mizoguchi, Takahiro Sawada, Toshiro Shinke, Shinichiro Yamada, Hiroshi Okamoto, Su-Shiku Kim, Akira Takarada, Yoshinori Yasaka
International Journal of Cardiology 2014 February 1, 171 (2): 224-30

BACKGROUND: The differences in lesion morphology between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and stable angina (SAP) significantly influence chronic intra-stent conditions after first-generation drug-eluting stent implantation. The study aimed to compare the intra-stent conditions 12 months after implantation of a second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in patients with STEMI or SAP.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the lesion morphology before EES implantation in 53 patients (23 STEMI, 30 SAP) using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound. We maintained dual anti-platelet therapy for 12 months and subsequently analyzed intra-stent conditions using optical coherence tomography and angioscopy. Pre-intervention plaque and necrotic core volume/length, remodeling index, and the incidence of thin-cap fibroatheroma and thrombus were significantly greater in STEMI than in SAP. After 12 months, the median neointimal thickness (117.6 μm vs. 126.0 μm), frequency of uncovered struts (1.2% ± 2.3% vs. 1.0% ± 2.3%), and percentage of stents fully covered with neointima (60.9% vs. 61.1%) were similar between the 2 groups. Meanwhile, the frequency of malapposed struts (0.4% ± 0.6% vs. 0.1% ± 0.4%, p=0.04) and neointimal unevenness score (1.74 ± 0.21 vs. 1.64 ± 0.16, p=0.04) were significantly higher in STEMI than in SAP. The neointimal color grade was more xanthochromatic in STEMI than in SAP. However, the differences were not associated with the incidence of clinical events and intra-stent thrombus (21.7% vs. 16.7%, p=0.89).

CONCLUSIONS: Although a small degree of delayed healing still persists with second-generation EES, EES promotes a favorable arterial healing response in patients with STEMI, as well as those with SAP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.