Influence of temperature on infection, growth, and mycotoxin production by Fusarium langsethiae and F. sporotrichioides in durum wheat

L Nazari, E Pattori, V Terzi, C Morcia, V Rossi
Food Microbiology 2014, 39: 19-26
Information concerning the temperature requirements of the species causing Fusarium head blight of small grains is essential for understanding which species cause the disease in different areas and years, for developing weather-driven disease models, and for predicting mycotoxin type and quantity in kernels. The optimal temperature range for growth was 20-25 °C for Fusarium langsethiae and 25-30 °C for F. sporotrichioides, and the optimum for production of both T-2 and HT-2 toxins was 15 °C for F. langsethiae and 10-15 °C for F. sporotrichioides. Floret infection occurred from 10 to 40 °C for F. sporotrichioides (69.8% average incidence of infected florets) and from 10 to 35 °C for F. langsethiae (17.6% of infected florets). The optimal temperature for spike colonisation was 25 °C for F. langsethiae and 30 °C for F. sporotrichioides, and the optimal temperature range for mycotoxin production was 15-35 °C for F. langsethiae and 20-25 °C for F. sporotrichioides. The quantity of fungal DNA in inoculated spikes was 5.5-times greater for F. sporotrichioides than for F. langsethiae; F. langsethiae DNA was first detected 2 days post-inoculation (dpi), and F. sporotrichioides DNA was first detected 4 dpi. Toxins were first detected 4 and 2 dpi for F. langsethiae and F. sporotrichioides, respectively.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"