No impact of interleukin-28B polymorphisms on spontaneous or drug-induced hepatitis delta virus clearance

Ubaldo Visco-Comandini, Daniele Lapa, Chiara Taibi, Claudio Angeletti, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Anna Rosa Garbuglia
Digestive and Liver Disease 2014, 46 (4): 348-52

BACKGROUND: rs12979860 and rs8099917 interleukin-28B polymorphisms are associated with spontaneous or interferon-alpha induced hepatitis C clearance, "CC" and "TT" genotypes (respectively) being the most favourable. There are no data on the influence of interleukin-28B polymorphisms on hepatitis delta clearance in hepatitis B/D co-infected patients.

AIMS: The present study explores the potential influence of both rs12979860 and rs8099917 polymorphisms on delta infection outcome.

METHODS: Retrospective-longitudinal study on 55 European patients observed for at least 4 years, selected from a cohort of 439 subjects positive for hepatitis delta antibodies and hepatitis B core antibodies. The rate of spontaneous and interferon induced delta-RNA clearance was compared in interleukin-28B rs12979860 "CC" vs "non CC", and in rs8099917 "TT" vs "non TT" genotypes.

RESULTS: Prevalence of rs12979860C allele was 60%, consistent with the reported prevalence in Italy (67%, p=0.128). No significant differences in spontaneous clearance rate were observed between rs12979860 "CC" and "non CC" genotypes (13.3% vs 7.5%, respectively, p=0.60), and between rs8099917 "TT" and "non-TT" genotypes (11.1 vs 7.1%, respectively, p=0.67). No differences were observed for interferon-induced delta-RNA clearance either.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that interleukin-28B polymorphisms might not influence hepatitis delta clearance rate in either natural history or interferon-alpha response.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"