Platelet-rich plasma for enhancing surgical rotator cuff repair: evaluation and comparison of two application methods in a rat model

Ali Ersen, M Demirhan, A C Atalar, M Kapicioğlu, Gokhan Baysal
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2014, 134 (3): 405-11

PURPOSE: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a natural concentrate of autologous growth factors now being widely tested in different fields of medicine for its potential in enhancing the regeneration of tissue with low healing potential. However, studies of PRP in enhancing rotator cuff repair have been contradictory, perhaps because of how PRP is administered. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of PRP and compare two different application methods of PRP on rotator cuff healing.

METHODS: The supraspinatus tendons of 48 mature, male Wistar-Albino rats were detached from their insertion on the humerus. The animals were divided into four groups: (1) no repair, (2) primary repair, (3) repair plus PRP injections into the tendon-bone interface, and (4) repair plus PRP absorbed from a sponge carrier to the tendon-bone interface. The tendons were evaluated biomechanically and histologically at week 8.

RESULTS: Cuffs repaired with PRP had significantly greater mean (SD) load-to-failure rates [11.1 (6.5) and 11.6 (3.9) N; P < 0.05] and stiffness [3.5 (2.3) and 1.6 (0.75) N; P < 0.05] than did cuffs repaired without PRP. The groups receiving PRP did not differ significantly on these variables. Histological evaluation showed no significant differences among the four groups.

CONCLUSIONS: The application of PRP, independent of the application method, significantly improved biomechanical properties at the rotator cuff tendon-bone interface. The type of application, injection or absorption from a sponge did not influence the effect of PRP on rotator cuff healing.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"