OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Thicknesses of individual layers of artery wall indicate increased cardiovascular risk in severe pre-eclampsia

T Akhter, M Larsson, A K Wikström, T Naessen
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 2014, 43 (6): 675-80
24375803

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether thicknesses of the intima and media in the common carotid artery (CCA) and the intima/media ratio (I/M) indicate an increased cardiovascular risk in non-pregnant women with a history of previous severe pre-eclampsia.

METHODS: Thicknesses of the CCA intima and media layers were measured using non-invasive high-frequency (22 MHz) ultrasound in 42 women with a history of severe pre-eclampsia and 44 women with previous normal pregnancy.

RESULTS: Women with a history of severe pre-eclampsia had a thicker CCA intima and a higher I/M than had women with previous normal pregnancy, also after adjustment for mean arterial pressure, body mass index and CCA intima-media thickness (IMT) (all P < 0.0001). CCA-IMT did not differ significantly between groups. In receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis, intima thickness and I/M clearly discriminated between women with and those without previous pre-eclampsia (area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC), 0.98 and 0.93), whereas CCA-IMT did not (AUC, 0.52).

CONCLUSIONS: CCA individual intima and media thicknesses as well as I/M, but not CCA-IMT, reflect the known increased long-term cardiovascular risk of pre-eclampsia. Estimation of individual CCA layers using high-frequency ultrasound appears preferable to measuring CCA-IMT for investigating arterial effects and the increased cardiovascular risk in women with a history of severe pre-eclampsia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24375803
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"