Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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T cell vaccination inhibits Th1/Th17/Tfh frequencies and production of autoantibodies in collagen-induced arthritis.

The aim of this study is to determine whether the regulatory role of T cell vaccination (TCV) is through inhibition of Th1/Th17/Tfh and production of autoantibodies on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). First, CIA mice were treated with TCV. After disease onset, the incidence and severity of change in joint histopathology were evaluated. Mice in the TCV-treated group showed less disease severity and less infiltration of inflammatory cells in the joint sections. TCV decreased the frequencies of Th1/Th17/Tfh cells and related cytokines. Reduction of IL-21 may be associated with both Tfh and Th17, which further influence B cell and T cell responses. In addition, inhibition of Th1/Th17/Tfh frequencies led to the reduced expression of T-bet, ROR α , ROR γ t, and Bcl6. Lastly, the proliferation of type-II-collagen-(CII-) specific T cells and the production of anti-CII antibodies were inhibited in the TCV-treated group. The results provide novel evidence that the therapeutic effects of TCV on CIA are associated with the inhibition of Th1/Th17/Tfh frequencies and autoantibodies production.

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