JOURNAL ARTICLE

Airflow obstruction and left ventricular filling pressure in suspected chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Yung-Huey Yu, Ming-Zen Chen, Li-Li Wen, Ching-Chi Chu, Chih-Teng Chiang, Chung-Hua Chen, Yueh-Juh Lin
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 2014 February 1, 192: 85-9
24361463
Left ventricular (LV) filling impairment is present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airflow obstruction is related to reduced LV end-diastolic volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output. The ratio of peak early diastolic filling velocity of the mitral inflow to peak early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e'), an echocardiographic parameter, can be applied as a surrogate marker of LV filling pressures. Forty-seven individuals with suspected COPD underwent pulmonary function tests and echocardiography. The ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1s to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) and the E/e' ratio were determined. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the FEV1/FVC ratio (β=0.01; 95% confidence interval, 0.001-0.019; p=0.036) independently predicted the log transformed E/e' ratio. An increase of FEV1/FVC ratio (in percentage) by 1 unit was associated with an increase of the E/e' ratio multiplied by 1.01. Airflow obstruction inversely predicts LV filling pressure in suspected COPD cases.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24361463
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"