Randomised phase II study of axitinib or bevacizumab combined with paclitaxel/carboplatin as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

C Twelves, E Chmielowska, L Havel, S Popat, A Swieboda-Sadlej, P Sawrycki, P Bycott, A Ingrosso, S Kim, J A Williams, C Chen, A J Olszanski, P de Besi, J H Schiller
Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology 2014, 25 (1): 132-8

BACKGROUND: Efficacy and safety of first-line axitinib/paclitaxel/carboplatin versus bevacizumab/paclitaxel/carboplatin in advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was evaluated.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage IIIB/IV disease stratified by adjuvant therapy and gender were randomised 1 : 1 to axitinib (5 mg twice daily) or bevacizumab [15 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W)], both with paclitaxel (200 mg/m(2) Q3W)/carboplatin (AUC 6 mg min/ml Q3W).

RESULTS: The trial was discontinued after preliminary analysis. Median progression-free survival (primary end point) for axitinib (N = 58) and bevacizumab (N = 60), respectively, was 5.7 and 6.1 months [hazard ratio (HR) 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-1.76; one-sided stratified P = 0.64]; median overall survival was 10.6 and 13.3 months (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.74-1.69; one-sided stratified P = 0.70). Objective response rates (95% CI) were 29.3% (18.1-42.7) and 43.3% (30.6-56.8), respectively; risk ratio 0.676 (95% CI 0.41-1.11; one-sided stratified P = 0.94). The most common grade 3/4 adverse events included neutropenia (28% versus 20%), fatigue (14% versus 7%), and hypertension (14% versus 5%). Patient-reported outcomes based on the EORTC QLQ-C30 were similar between arms.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, axitinib/paclitaxel/carboplatin did not improve efficacy versus bevacizumab/paclitaxel/carboplatin, and was less well tolerated.

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