Improved resection in lesional temporal lobe epilepsy surgery using neuronavigation and intraoperative MR imaging: favourable long term surgical and seizure outcome in 88 consecutive cases

Karl Roessler, Bjoern Sommer, Peter Grummich, Roland Coras, Burkhard Sebastian Kasper, Hajo Martinus Hamer, Ingmar Blumcke, Hermann Stefan, Michael Buchfelder
Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association 2014, 23 (3): 201-7

PURPOSE: To investigate the value of intraoperative MR imaging (iopMRI) combined with neuronavigation to avoid intraoperative underestimation of the resection amount during surgery of lesional temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE) patients.

METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 88 patients (40 female, 48 male, mean age 37.2 yrs, from 12 to 69 yrs, 41 left sided lesions) with LTLE operated at our department, including 40.9% gangliogliomas (GG), 26.1% cavernomas (CM), 10.2% dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumours (DNT) and 11.4% focal cortical dysplasias (FCD), excluding hippocampal sclerosis.

RESULTS: Complete resection was achieved in 85 of 88 patients (96.6%), as proven by postoperative MRI 6 months after surgery. In contrast, the routine first iopMR imaging before closure revealed radical resection in only 66 of these 88 patients (75%). After re-intervention, the second iopMR imaging demonstrated complete resection in 19 more patients. Thus, as a direct effect of iopMRI and neuronavigation, overall resection rate was increased by 21.6%. An excellent seizure outcome Engel Class I was found in 76.1% of patients during a mean follow-up of 26.4 months, irrespective of histological entity (74% in CM, 75% in GG, 78% in DNT and 60% in FCD). No severe postoperative complications occurred; permanent superior visual field defects were detected in 10.2% and permanent dysphasia/dyscalculia in 1.1%.

CONCLUSION: Refined surgery using neuronavigation combined with iopMR imaging in LTLE surgery led to radical resection in 96.6% of the patients, due to immediate correction of underestimated resection in 21.6% of patients. This protocol resulted in a favourable seizure outcome and a low complication rate.

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