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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prevalence of keratoconus and subclinical keratoconus in subjects with astigmatism using pentacam derived parameters

Huseyin Serdarogullari, Mehmet Tetikoglu, Hatice Karahan, Feyza Altin, Mustafa Elcioglu
Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research 2013, 8 (3): 213-9
24349664

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of keratoconus (KCN) and subclinical KCN among subjects with two or more diopters (D) of astigmatism, and to compare Pentacam parameters among these subjects.

METHODS: One hundred and twenty eight eyes of 64 subjects with astigmatism ≥2D were included in the study. All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination which included refraction, visual acuity measurement, slit lamp biomicroscopy, retinoscopy, fundus examination, conventional corneal topography and elevation-based topography with Pentacam. The diagnosis of KCN and subclinical KCN was made by observing clinical findings and topographic features; and confirmed by corneal thickness and elevation maps of Pentacam. Several parameters acquired from Pentacam were analyzed employing the Mann-Whitney U Test.

RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 29.9±9.8 (range 15-45) years which included 39 (60.9%) female and 25 (39.1%) male subjects. Maximum corneal power, index of vertical asymmetry, keratoconus index and elevation values were significantly higher and pachymetry was significantly thinner in eyes with clinical or subclinical KCN than normal astigmatic eyes (P< 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The current study showed that subjects with 2D or more of astigmatism who present to outpatient clinics should undergo corneal topography screening for early diagnosis of KCN even if visual acuity is not affected. Pentacam may provide more accurate information about anterior and posterior corneal anatomy especially in suspect eyes.

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