Yield optimisation and molecular characterisation of uncultured CD271+ mesenchymal stem cells in the Reamer Irrigator Aspirator waste bag

Sarah M Churchman, Dimitrios Kouroupis, Sally A Boxall, Tarek Roshdy, Hiang B Tan, Dennis McGonagle, Peter V Giannoudis, Elena A Jones
European Cells & Materials 2013, 26: 252-62
Bone reconstruction requires the use of autografts from patients' iliac crest (IC); for large-volume defects bone void fillers and autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are often added. The Reamer/Irrigator/Aspirator (RIA) device provides the means of harvesting large amounts of autograft and additionally yields a waste bag containing MSCs, which is currently discarded. The aim of this study was to enumerate and characterise native MSCs from RIA waste bag and compare them to 'gold-standard' donor-matched MSCs from IC bone marrow (BM). IC-BM from age matched trauma patients was used as control. In RIA waste bags the median MSC yield established using a colony-forming fibroblast assay was 314333 (range 5 x 104-1.4 x 106), equivalent to approximately one litre of IC-BM aspirate. CD271+ cells were present at high levels in RIA waste bags, had MSC surface phenotype (CD90+CD73+CD105+CD34>sup>-CD61-CD19-CD31-CD33-) and expressed genes associated with multipotentiality, osteogenesis, adipogenesis and angiogenic support. RIA- CD271+ MSCs were transcriptionally similar to donor-matched IC-CD271+ MSCs (76 % transcripts); with the majority of bone-related and Wnt pathway molecules being expressed at comparable levels. Lower-level expression of MCAM/CD146 and 5/13 hypoxia-related molecules was found in RIA-CD271+ MSCs, potentially reflecting their native residence in a more hypoxic environment of the endosteum and bone cortex. These data suggest that long bones contain very large numbers of MSCs, transcriptionally-similar to IC-BM MSCs; they can be procured by reaming using the RIA device and used, following concentration, as autologous and potentially allogeneic bone repair therapy.

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