Inhibitory effects of obovatol on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption

Hyun-Ju Kim, Jung Min Hong, Hye-Jin Yoon, Byoung-Mog Kwon, Je-Yong Choi, In-Kyu Lee, Shin-Yoon Kim
European Journal of Pharmacology 2014 January 15, 723: 473-80
Osteoclasts are polykaryons that have the unique capacity to degrade bone. Modulation of osteoclast formation and function is a promising strategy for the treatment of bone-destructive diseases. Here, we report that obovatol, a natural compound isolated from Magnolia obovata, inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation in vitro and inflammatory bone loss in vivo. We found that obovatol strongly inhibited osteoclast formation from bone marrow-derived macrophages in a dose-dependent manner without cytotoxicity. Obovatol significantly suppressed RANKL-induced activation of NF-κB, c-Jun-N-terminal kinase, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathways. Obovatol also inhibited RANKL-induced expression of the genes c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells c1, which are transcription factors important for osteoclastogenesis. In addition to osteoclast differentiation, obovatol blocked cytoskeletal organization and abrogated the bone resorbing activity of mature osteoclast. Obovatol also accelerated osteoclast apoptosis through the induction of caspase-3 activation. Consistent with its in vitro anti-resorptive effect, obovatol prevented bone loss induced by lipopolysaccharide in vivo. Together, our data suggest that obovatol may be a useful therapeutic agent for the treatment of pathological bone disorders characterized by excessive osteoclastic bone resorption.

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