JOURNAL ARTICLE

Formation of allenyl ketones, 3-ethynylcoumarins, and arylfurans, furylfurans, and furylthiophenes by flash vacuum thermolysis of 3-methylidenefuran-2(3H)-ones

Rainer Koch, Hans Michael Berstermann, Curt Wentrup
Journal of Organic Chemistry 2014 January 3, 79 (1): 65-71
24328255
Flash vacuum thermolysis (FVT) of 3-methylidenefuran-2(3H)-ones 3 causes cheletropic extrusion of CO with formation of allenyl ketones 4. o-Chloro- and o-bromophenylmethylidenefuranones also afford allenyl ketones upon flash vacuum thermolysis, but in addition, 3-ethynylcoumarins 6 are formed via E/Z isomerization of the methylidenefuranones, cyclization, halogen atom migration, and HCl (HBr) elimination. The presence of strongly electron-withdrawing groups (nitroaryl or acetyl) on the acylallene moiety causes rearrangement to give 2-arylfurans 10 and 13 as well as 2-furylfurans and 2-furylthiophenes 16 by cyclization of the allenyl ketones. The reaction mechanisms are supported by calculations at the M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24328255
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.