Attitudes of Scottish residents in the southeast of Spain concerning living donation

A Ríos, L Martínez-Alarcón, A López-Navas, B Febrero, J Sánchez, G Ramis, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
Transplantation Proceedings 2013, 45 (10): 3575-8

BACKGROUND: To reduce the considerable organ deficit, living donation is being promoted. The subset of foreign population living in Spain could be potential patients for transplantation and/or donation. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes toward living donation (LD) of the population from the southeast of Spain who are natives of Scotland.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within the "International Collaborative Donor Project," a random representative sample was obtained of the adult population residing in the southeast of Spain and who were born in Scotland (n = 350). Attitudes were evaluated with the use of a validated questionnaire that was completed anonymously and was self-administered. The Student t test, χ(2) test, and Fisher exact test were applied.

RESULTS: The completion rate was 93% (n = 324); 90% of the respondents (n = 290) were in favor of related LD, decreasing to 26% (n = 85) if it was unrelated. In the analysis of variables affecting attitude toward LD, differences were found in: 1) attitude toward deceased donation (P < .001); 2) having had previous experience of the donation and transplantation process (P = .049); 3) a respondent's belief that his or her religion was in favor of LD (P < .001); and 4) a partner's attitude toward donation and transplantation (P = .007).

CONCLUSIONS: The attitude toward related LD among Scottish residents in the southeast of Spain is very favorable, and is very closely related to attitude toward deceased donation, family attitude, and religious attitude. Patients on the waiting list of Scottish origin will be one of the most appropriate groups for promoting LD when living donation is being promoted in Spain.

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