Significant underuse of warfarin in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: results from the China national stroke registry

Chunjuan Wang, Zhonghua Yang, Chunxue Wang, Yilong Wang, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, David Z Wang, Hao Li, Yongjun Wang
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association 2014, 23 (5): 1157-63

BACKGROUND: Warfarin reduces the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) but is often underused in clinical practice. We aimed to examine the current state of warfarin use in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in China and to analysis factors causing such underuse.

METHODS: By accessing the China National Stroke Registry, data on consecutive patients with known NVAF who developed first-ever IS or TIA were studied. Proportion of warfarin use was estimated in those patients with known NVAF who should be eligible for anticoagulation therapy. Factors associated with warfarin underuse were identified by multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS: Of 11,080 patients with first-ever IS or TIA, 996 (9.7%) had NVAF and no contraindications to anticoagulation therapy and 592 of them had history of AF. Among these patients, only 96 (16.2%) were on warfarin and 496 (83.8%) were not. In those patients on warfarin, only 1 of his international normalized ratios on admission was in the therapeutic range of 2.0-3.0. Based on the CHADS2 scores, about 20.2% low-risk AF patients took warfarin; however, only 15.2% moderate and 16.4% high-risk patients were on warfarin. Older patients and patients with history of coronary heart disease (CHD) were less likely to be given warfarin, whereas patients with history of prestroke antiplatelet use were more likely to take warfarin.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that warfarin was significantly underused in patients with known NVAF in China. Age and CHD and prestroke antiplatelet therapy were related factors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"