Differing response properties of cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials evoked by air-conducted stimulation

Danielle L Dennis, Sendhil Govender, Peggy Chen, Neil P McAngus Todd, James G Colebatch
Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2014, 125 (6): 1238-47

OBJECTIVE: To determine the amplitude changes of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) recorded simultaneously from the neck (cVEMPs) and eyes (oVEMPs) in response to 500 Hz, 2 ms air-conducted sound pips over a 30 dB range.

METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers (mean age 29, range 18-57 years old) and one patient with unilateral superior canal dehiscence (SCD) were studied. The stimulus was reduced in increments to 105 dB pSPL for the normals (81 dB pSPL for the SCD patient). A statistical criterion was used to detect responses.

RESULTS: Ipsilateral (i-p13/n23) and contralateral (c-n12/p24/n30) peaks for the cVEMP montage and contralateral (c-n10/p16/n21) and ipsilateral (i-n13) peaks for the oVEMP montage were present for the baseline intensity. For the lowest intensity, 6/15 subjects had responses for the i-p13 cVEMP potential and 4/15 had c-n10 oVEMP responses. The SCD patient showed larger responses for nearly all intensities. The cVEMP potentials were generally well fitted by a power law relationship, but the oVEMP c-n10, p16 and n21 potentials showed a significant increase in gradient for the higher intensities.

CONCLUSION: Most oVEMP and cVEMP responses follow a power law relationship but crossed oVEMP responses showed a change in gradient above a threshold.

SIGNIFICANCE: The pattern of response to AC stimulation may be a property of the pathways underlying the potentials.

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