Effects of edge oxidation on the stability and half-metallicity of graphene quantum dots

Meilian Zhao, Feng Yang, Ying Xue, Dan Xiao, Yong Guo
Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 2014 January 13, 15 (1): 157-64
A comprehensive first-principles theoretical study of the electronic properties and half-metallic nature of zigzag edge-oxidized graphene quantum dots (GQDs) is carried out by using density functional theory (DFT) with the screened exchange hybrid functional of Heyd, Scuseria and Ernzerhof (HSE06). The oxidation schemes include -OH, -COOH and -COO groups. We identify oxidized GQDs whose opposite spins are localized at the two zigzag edges in an antiferromagnetic-type configuration, showing a spin-polarized ground state. Oxidized GQDs are more stable than the corresponding fully hydrogenated GQDs. The partially hydroxylated and carboxylated GQDs with the same size exhibit half-metallic state under almost the same electric-field intensity whereas fully oxidized GQDs behave as spin-selective semiconductors. The electric-field intensity inducing the half metal increases with the length of the partially oxidized GQDs, ranging from M=4 to 7.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"