Highly efficient blue- and white-organic light emitting diodes base on triple-emitting layer

Hyun Su Shin, Seok Jae Lee, Ho Won Lee, Dong Hyung Lee, Woo Young Kim, Seung Soo Yoon, Young Kwan Kim
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2013, 13 (12): 7988-92
We have demonstrated highly efficient blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) using iridium (III) bis[(4,6-di-fluoropheny)-pyridinato-N,C2] picolinate (Flrpic) doped in three kinds of host materials, such as 9-(4-(triphenylsilyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SPC), N,N'-dicarbazolyl-3,5-benzene (mCP), and 2,2',2"-(1,3,5-benzenetriyl)tris-[1-phenyl-1H-benzimidazole] (TPBi) as triple-emitting layer (T-EML). The properties of device with T-EML using the stepwise structure was found to be superior to the other blue PHOLEDs and exhibited a maximum luminous efficiency of 23.02 cd/A, a maximum external quantum efficiency of 11.09%, and a maximum power efficiency of 14.89 lm/W, respectively. An optimal blue device has improving charge balance and triplet excitons confinement within emitting layers (EMLs) each. Additionally, we also fabricated white PHOLED using a phosphorescent red dopant, bis(2-phenylquinolinato)-acetylacetonate iridium III (Ir(pq)2acac) doped in mCP and TPBi between blue EMLs. The properties of white PHOLED showed a maximum luminous efficiency and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 33.03 cd/A and 16.95%, respectively. It also showed the white emission with CIEx,y coordinates of (x = 0.36, y = 0.39) at 10 V.

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